Nur Apriyan, Atik Kridawati, Tri Budi W. Rahardjo


Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a non-communicable disease caused by increased blood sugar levels. Type 2 diabetes mellitus at this time is very much experienced by pre elderly and the elderly who can affect their quality of life both physically and mentally. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between type 2 diabetes mellitus and the quality of life in pre elderly and elderly people in Primary Health Care in Cipayung District. Type of analytic survey research using cross sectional design. The population in this study were all pre elderly and elderly patients (aged> 45 years) who visited at Primary Health Care in Cipayung District. The number of samples is 101 respondents, sampling with Accidental sampling technique. Data collection was conducted by interview using the WHOQOL-OLD questionnaire. This study showed that from the results of bivariate analysis with the chi square test it was found that there was a relationship between type 2 diabetes mellitus and quality of life in pre elderly and an elderly with p = 0.037, while unrelated variables: age group p = 0.747 and history of diabetes descent p = 0.136. The results of the Multiple Logistic Regression test indicate that the diabetes variable is the variable most associated with pre elderly and elderly quality of life. The conclusion that diabetes mellitus is related to quality of life in pre elderly and elderly. For pre elderly and elderly people who have been affected by diabetes should always control their blood sugar levels so that complications do not occur so that the quality of life is good maintained.

Keywords: quality of life , diabetes mellitus, pre elderly, elderly

Full Text:



Bilous R, Richard Donelly.4th Edition Diabetes Handbook. Jakarta: Bumi Medika; 2014. 256p.

Bustan MN. Management of Non-Communicable Disease Control. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta; 2015. 309 p.

Kemenkes. National Report on Basic Health Research 2018. Jakarta: Health Research and Development Agency; 2018. 614 p.

Cipayung District Primary Health Care. Cipayung Sub-District Primary Health Care Disease Surveillance Report 2018. Jakarta: Cipayung District Primary Health Care; 2018.

WHO. WHOQOL-OLD Manual Module. World Health Organization European Office (Copenhagen); 2006.

Putri ST, Fitriana LA, Ningrum A, Sulastri A. Comparative Study: Elderly Quality of Life Who Lives With Families and Homes. Res Gate. 2015;(November 2015).

Chintya Anis, skeplin A S Sekeon GDK. Relationship Between Diabetes Mellitus (Hyper Glycemia) With Quality of Life in the Elderly in Kolongan Village. public health [Internet]. 2017;(June 2017):1–8. Available from:

Liuw FF, Kandou GD, Malonda NSH, Sam U, Manado R. Relationship Between Gender and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus with Quality of Life in Population in Kolongan Village, Tomohon Subdistrict, Tomohon City Center. Health Media [Internet]. 2017;9. Available from:

Khairani R. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus and its relationship to the quality of life of the elderly in the community. University of Medan [Internet]. 2016;26(1). Available from:

Iqbal NL. Longstanding relationship with diabetes mellitus with quality of life in theelderly at the Surakarta public Primary Health Care [Internet]. University Muhammadiyah Surakarta ; 2018. Available from:

Hutabarat UM, Hasneli Y. Relationship between Diabetes Mellitus Complications and the Quality of Life of Diabetes Mellitus Patients. JOM Nursing University of Riau [Internet]. 2018;5:459–67. Available from:

Nguyen H Van, Tran TT, Nguyen CT, Tran TH. Impact of Comorbid Chronic Conditionsto Quality of Life among Elderly Patients with Diabetes Mellitus in Vietnam. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019;1–11.

Gunardi S, Septiawan C. Effect of Four Variables on the Quality of Life of Elderly People with Type II Diabetes Mellitus. Indonesian Nursing Scientific Journal. 2018;8:450–61.

Teli M. Kualitas Hidup Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 Di Puskesmas Se Kota Kupang. J Info Kesehat Poltekkes Kemenkes Kupang [Internet]. 2017;(1):119–34. Available from:

Meidikayanti W, Wahyuni CU. Relationship between Family Support and Quality of Life of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Pademawu Primary Health Care. Periodic Journal of Epidemiology [Internet]. 2017;5 (August) : 240–52. Available from : /JBE/article/viewFile/4914/3892

Ningtyas DW, Ningtyas DW, Prasetyowati I. Analysis of Life Quality of Type II Diabetes Mellitus Patients at Bangil Regional General Hospital, Pasuruan Regency. Scientific Article Research Results [Internet]. 2013; Available from:

Herdianti. Life Quality Determinants of Patients with Type 2 DM in the Ajjappange Hospital J Endur. 2017;2(February):74–80.

Imayama I, Plotnikoff RC, Courneya KS, Johnson JA. Determinants of quality of life in adults with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Heal Qual Life Outcome [Internet]. 2011;1–9. Available from:

Yusra A. Relationship Between Family Support and Quality of Life of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients in the Internal Medicine Polyclinic Fatmawati General Hospital Jakarta [Internet]. University of Indonesia; 2011. Available from: Aini Yusra.pdf

Perkeni. Consensus on the Management and Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Indonesia 2015. Jakarta: Executive Board of the Indonesian Endocrinology Association; 2015. 93 p.

Wikananda G. Relationship between quality of life and risk factors in elderly people in the working area of Tampaksiring Public Primary Health Care, Gianyar Regency 2015. Med Sci Community, Denpasar, Bali-Indonesia. 2017;8(1):41–9.

Retnowati N, Satyabakti P. Relationship between Family Support and Life Quality of Diabetes Mellitus Patients in Tanah Kalikedinding Primary Health Care. Periodic Journal of

Epidemiology [Internet]. 2015;3:57–68. Available from: /1314/1073

Jariana, Sudirman, Afni N. Factors Associated with the occurrence of Diabetes Mellitus in Outpatients in the North Mamuju Regional General Hospital. Collaborative Science Journal of University Muhammadiyah of Palu [Internet]. 2018;1(186):186–97. Available from:https:// /index.php/jom/article/view/350

Waspadji S. Management of Integrated Diabetes Mellitus. 2nd ed. Jakarta: Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia; 2018.

Masriadi. Epidemiology of Non-Communicable Diseases. Jakarta: CV Trans Info Media; 2016. 412 p.

Abstract View: 350, PDF Download: 170


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Proceeding International Conference