Nur Fitri Ayu Pertiwi, Herlin Fitriani, Anjarwati


Unwanted pregnancy in adolescents is caused by the lack of reproductive health knowledge causing pre-marriage sex. The number of mothers mortality aged 15 – 19 years old is very high. This is due to complication during pregnancy and labor. Complication can also happen in fetus which caused low birth weight (LBW). The purpose of this study was to find the causes and effects of unwanted pregnancy in adolescents. The study employed systematic literature review by using PubMed and Science Direct database in January 2008 until December 2018. Unwanted pregnancy in adolescents happened due to the lack knowledge of reproductive health. The causes of unwanted pregnancy were the low lecel of social prosperity, poverty, forced sex, and raping. Adolescents did not know how to prevent pregnancy and did not understand the impact of unwanted pregnancy. The impact of unwanted pregnancy was different from one to another. Many impacts due to unwanted pregnancy were deppression, abortion wish, alianated by social environment, economy problem, and the raise of females’ health problems. Moreover, unwanted pregnancy usually repeated in the future. Department of health, department of education, and National Population and Family Planning Board are expected to build cross institutional collaboration in preventing unwanted pregnancy in adolescents.

Keywords: Causes, impacts, unwanted, pregnancy, adolescents

Full Text:



Aziato, L. et al. (2016) ‘SC’, Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. ElsevierLtd. doi: 10.1016/j.jpag.2016.06.005.

Connor, S., Edvardsson, K. and Spelten, E. (2018) ‘Male adolescents ’ role in pregnancy prevention and unintended pregnancy in rural Victoria : health care Professiona’s and educators ’ perspectives’. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, pp.1–10.

Conroy, K. N. et al. (2016) ‘Original Study The Enigma of Rapid Repeat Pregnancy : A Qualitative Study of Teen Mothers’, (617), pp. 4–9. doi: 10.1016/j.jpag.2015.12.003.

Darj, E. (2009) ‘An Illusion of Power : Qualitative Perspectives On Abortion DecisionMaking Among Teenage Women’. doi: 10.1363/4117309.

Kunnuji, M. O. N., Eshiet, I. and Nnorom, C. C. P. (2018) ‘A survival analysis of the timing of onset of childbearing among young females in Nigeria : are predictors the same across regions ?’ Reproductive Health, pp. 1–9.

Mann, E. S., Cardona, V. and Gómez, C. A. (2015) ‘Culture , Health & Sexuality : An International Journal for Research , Intervention and Care Beyond the discourse of reproductive choice : narratives of pregnancy resolution among Latina / o teenage parents’, (July). doi: 10.1080/13691058.2015.1038853.

Mccleary-sills, J., Douglas, Z. and Rwehumbiza, A. (2010) ‘Gendered norms , sexual exploitation and adolescent pregnancy in rural Tanzania’, RHM. Reproductive Health Matters, 21(41), pp. 97–105. doi: 10.1016/S0968-8080(13)41682-8.

SDKI (2007) ‘Survei Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia’.

Smith, J. L., Skinner, S. R. and Fenwick, J. (2013) ‘Preconception re fl ections , postconception intentions : the before and after of birth control in Australian adolescent females’, pp. 332–338.

Sychareun, V. et al. (2018) ‘Determinants of adolescent pregnancy and access to reproductive and sexual health services for married and unmarried adolescents in rural Lao PDR : a qualitative study’. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, pp. 1–12

Abstract View: 324, PDF Download: 2012


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Proceeding International Conference