Tety Septiani, Yekti Satriyandari, Dhesi Ari Astuti


Preeclampsia is a complication that is very dangerous and can influence 2-8% of pregnancy. Globally, more than 287,000 women die every year due to complications in pregnancy. 10-15% of them are caused by preeclampsia. Preeclampsia remains a significant problem in threatening health in developed and developing countries. However, the impact of preeclampsia is more severe in developing countries, where treatment may be ineffective because of the delay of treatment. Obesity is the most common problem in midwifery that affects maternal and child health since it may cause short-term and long-term problems for mothers, such as increasing the risk of gestational diabetes and preeclampsia. The purpose of this systematic literature review is to conclude and explore the literature related to obesity and the incidence of preeclampsia in pregnant women. Systematic literature review utilized Pubmed, Proquest and Ebsco databases from 2008 to 2018. From the 1646 initial articles identified, this study analyzed 7 articles that fulfilled the criteria. The study found that the factors affecting the occurrence of eclampsia were maternal age, primiparas, maternal obesity, history of preeclampsia, and maternal education. It was found that the high BMI of a mother before pregnancy (Pre-pregnancy) is a risk factor for the occurrence of preeclampsia. Besides, overweight and obese during pregnancy can cause preeclampsia, and these factors can also cause severe preeclampsia.

Keywords: obesity, preeclampsia, pregnancy

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