THE EFFECTIVENESS OF KANGAROO MOTHER CARE ON PREMATURE BABIES: A Scoping Review

Herliyani Dwi Saputri, Dwi Ernawati, Mufdlilah

Abstract


Common causes of infant and neonatal mortality are asphyxia, asphyxia at birth due to obstructed labor, transverse location, and narrow pelvis, low birth weight (LBW) and sepsis. One of the interventions that can be given to infants with LBW is treatment of the Kangaroo Mother Care method. This method is a no-cost therapy that can be done by mothers because not all babies with LBW are able to get health services using advanced technology.The study aims to determine the effectiveness of Kangaroo Mother Care for premature babies. Five stages for scoping review were employed in this review including: identifying the question, identifying relevant studies, mapping data, critical appraisal, analyzing data and extraction data. A total of 10 journals were found and carried out thematic analyzes in the form of scoping review to identify the main points. The researchers classified the main points of the effectiveness of Kangaroo Mother Care for premature babies. There was an effect of KMC on LBW because the KMC method was a supportive treatment carried out by placing the baby in the mother so that direct contact between mother and baby occurred. KMC method had several benefits such as increasing emotional connection between mother and baby, stabilizing body temperature, stabilizing pulse heart rate and breathing and increasing body weight in premature babies.

Keywords: Kangaroo Mother Care, Preterm


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