PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPACT OF SEXUAL VIOLENCE IN CHILDREN: SYSTEMATIC LITERATURE REVIEW

Suryati, Sri Ratnaningsih, Ismarwati

Abstract


Sexual violence in children is a relationship or interaction between a child and an older person or an adult such as a stranger, sibling or parent in which the child is used as a satisfying object for the sexual needs of the perpetrator. This action is carried out using coercion, threats, bribery, deception, and even pressure. One in five girls and one in thirteen boys reported having experienced sexual violence worldwide, and the prevalence of sexual violence ranged from 15.3% in girls and 13.8% in boys. This Systematic Literature Review employed two PubMed and Sciencedirect databases during 2008-2018. The stages in this systematic literature review were identifying research questions, identifying relevant studies, choosing relevant studies, conducting critical assessments, extracting data and mapping. There were 767 initial articles identified. This study analyzed 11 articles that met the requirements for reference. Children who experienced sexual violence in their childhood had a severe psychological impact in the form of anxiety, depression, personality disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), psychosis, drug and alcohol abuse, bulimia and suicide. Most children who experienced sexual violence had a psychological impact in the form of depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, suicide, and sexual behavior. Children who experienced sexual violence often committed acts of sexual violence to others. It was the psychological impact that they experienced.

Keywords : psychological impact, sexual violence, children


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