Author :

A Ernawati

Article Metrics :

Abstract view : 334 PDF view : 227


Malnutrition is still a major nutritional problem both when patients enter and as long as patients are hospitalized. Geriatric or elderly patients are a group of patients at high risk of malnutrition. Determination of the risk of malnutrition can be done through nutritional screening. Both of nutrition screening tools were reported to be accurate. MST (Malnutrition Screening Tool) is a screening tool that is easier, simple and faster, and is reported to have fairly good accuracy. MNA-SF (Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form) is the most widely used nutritional screening tool and is a good prognostic tool for detecting malnutrition in elderly patients. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of the risk assessment of malnutrition between the two questionnaires if used for geriatric patients. The cross sectional study was carried out on geriatric patients in the Inpatient Room of RSUD dr. Soediran Mangun Soemarso Wonogiri. A total of 50 new geriatric patients treated in the class 3 treatment room were taken as samples. BMI <18.5 kg/m² is used as a standard category for the risk of malnutrition. The relationship between variables was tested by the chi square test. The results of data analysis showed that MST scores ≥ 2 (p =0.025; OR = 4.511) and MNA-SF <12 (p = 0.022; OR = 8.905) were significantly associated with the risk of malnutrition. There were no significant differences in screening results between the two questionnaires (p = 0.081) The effectiveness of MST assessment with marginal probability (p = 0.081) is still below MNA-SF. These results give consideration that MST can be used as an alternative screening tool with fairly good accuracy.

Keywords: MST; MNA-SF; geriatric patient,malnutrition, BMI index

Full Text:



Higashiguchi T, Arai H, Claytor LH, Kuzuya M, Kotani J, Lee SD, Michel JP, Nogami T, & Peng N. Taking action against malnutrition in Asian healthcare settings: an initiative of a Northeast Asia Study Group. Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition. 2017;26(2):202-211.

Krumholz HM. Post-hospital syndrome – an acquired, transient condition of generalized risk. New England Journal of Medicine. 2013;368(2): 100-102.

Sauer AC, Alish CJ, Strausbaugh K, West K, & Quatrara B. Nurses needed: identifying malnutrition in hospitalized older adults. NursingPlus Open. 2016; 2: 21-25.

Cederholm T, Bosaeus I, Barazzoni R, Bauer J, Van Gossum A, Klek S, Muscaritoli M, Nyulasi I, Ockenga J, Schneider SM, de van der Schueren MA & Singer P. Diagnostic criteria for malnutrition an ESPEN consensus statement. Clinical nutrition. 2015; 34(3):


Aziz NASA, Teng NIMF, Hamid MRA & Ismail NH. Assessing the nutritional status of hospitalized elderly. Clinical interventions in aging. 2017;12: 1615.

Neelemaat F, Meijers J, Kruizenga H, van Ballegooijen H, & van Bokhorst‐de van der Schueren M. Comparison of five malnutrition screening tools in one hospital inpatient sample. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 2011; 20(15‐16): 2144-2152.

Herawati H, Sarwiyata T, & Alamsyah A. Metode skrining gizi di rumah sakit dengan MST lebih efektif dibandingkan SGA. Jurnal Kedokteran Brawijaya. 2014; 28(1): 68-71.

Leipold CE, Bertino SB, L'huillier HM, Howell PM, & Rosenkotter M..Validation of the malnutrition screening tool for use in a community rehabilitation program. Nutrition & dietetics. 2018; 75(1): 117-122.

Jaroch A, Główczewska-Siedlecka E, Jaroch K, & Kędziora-Kornatowska K. Application of Nutritional Risk Score-2002 questionnaire and other nutritional status parameters among hospitalized elderly. International Journal of Gerontology. 2017;11(3):134-137.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Proceeding International Conference