THE CORRELATION BETWEEN NUTRITIONAL STATUS WITH HYPERACTIVE BEHAVIOUR DISORDER AND LEARNING ACHIEVEMENT OF CHILDREN WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER

N N A Alfani, B Wiboworini, L R Kartikasari

Abstract


Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder in children, one of which is caused by chronic nutritional deficiencies. Hyperactive behavior disorder is also one manifestation of food allergies in children with ASD. Hyperactive behavior disorders will be related to children's learning achievement. Therefore, research on nutrition in ASD children still needs to be done to improve the mental health of people with ASD. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between nutritional status with hyperactive behavior disorder and learning achievement of children with ASD. This research was conducted with a cohort design in 3 months at 4 Surakarta’s Autism Special Schools in 2019 using 38 ASD kids. Data on nutritional status used IMT / U, while data on hyperactive behavior disorders used the Abbreviated Conners Ratting Scale form and data on learning achievement used student learning reports. As many as 73.7% of children have normal nutritional status, 7.9% have poor nutritional status, and 18.4% have more nutritional status. Chi square nutritional status with impaired hyperactive behavior showed p = 0.01, which means that there is a relationship between nutritional status and disorders of hyperactive behavior. While chi square nutritional status with learning achievement shows the results of p value = 0.09 which means there is no relationship between nutritional status and learning achievement of children with ASD. There is a relationship between nutritional status and hyperactivity behavior. Thus, parents / guardians of children are expected to pay attention to the nutritional status of ASD children with hyperactive behavioral disorders to prevent future negative health effects.

Keywords: nutritional status, hyperactive behavior disorder, learning achievement, autism spectrum disorder


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