THE EFFECTIFITY OF HYDROYTHERAPY TOWARDS THE REDUCTION OF LABOR PAIN

N A Rahayu, H F Kurniawati, R Nuzuliana

Abstract


The labor pain is a physiological response, however it can cause catecholamine increase. This can disturb uterine contractions until it can cause uterine inertia, old parturition, oxygen in the fetus is not strong until fetus distress, and also the mother’s death or the fetus if the labor pain is not handled. Therefore, pain management is important for the mother during the labor. The aim of this study was to know the effectivity of hydrotherapy towards the decrease of labor pain. This study was conducted by employing systematic literature review of 12 articles taken from the PubMed and ProQuest databased. Inclusion criteria (articles 2008-2018, Full text, qualitative study design). Critical Appraisal was done with Joanna Brigs. Furthermore hydrotherapy which is treated on the giving birth mother during the active phase is proven effective in decreasing the pain and anxiety, preventing long parturition, decreasing the action of obstetrics such as episiotomy and amniotomy, increasing the prosperity of the mother and the newborn baby, and giving positive labor experience for the mother. Hydrotherapy is effective in decreasing the labor pain. A further study related to pain management non pharmacology can be conducted deeper.

Keywords : the effectifity; hydroytherapy; labor pain


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