THE FACTORS INFLUENCING EXCLUSIVE BREASTFEEDING: A SYSTEMATIC LITERATURE REVIEW

Nova Arami, Sri Ratnaningsih, Ismarwati

Abstract


Globally, there are only 35% of babies who get exclusive breastfeeding in the first four months of life. In Africa, Asia, America and Caribbean countries prove that 47-57% of babies who are less than 2 months and 25-31% of babies aged 2-5 months get exclusive breastfeeding. Africa is one of the counties that have the highest prevalence of breastfeeding at the age of 1 year worldwide, but only 37% of babies who get exclusive breastfeeding less than 6 months of age. Breast milk is a good food and nutrition for babies because it contains a complete range of nutrients needed by babies for the growth and development of babies during the first 6 months of life. The aim of this study was to conclude and examine (Examine literature) the factors related to exclusive breastfeeding. Systematic Literature Review used 2 databases namely PubMed and ProQuest with the period 2008-2018. Factors influencing the discontinuation of exclusive breastfeeding were based on the experience of breastfeeding mothers, education, knowledge, age, occupation, support, culture, lack of health facilities, lack of awareness of mothers, Caesarean babies, low birth weight babies. Factors that support exclusive breastfeeding were the support of the husband or family, health care, psychological factors, social support and so forth. Overall rates of breastfeeding varied by country and region. Factors influencing exclusive breastfeeding could be seen from two aspects, namely factors that support exclusive breastfeeding and the factors that inhibit exclusive breastfeeding.

Keywords: babies, exclusive breastfeeding, breast milk


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