ANTENATAL CARE IN THE DETECTION OF PREGNANCY COMPLICATIONS: SYSTEMATIC LITERATURE REVIEW

Supiani, Sulistyaningsih, Indriani

Abstract


It is estimated that around 15-20% of pregnant women will experience high risk or obstetric complications both during pregnancy and childbirth. The direct causes of maternal death are hemorrhage (28%), eclampsia (24%) and infection (11%). The indirect causes of maternal mortality are Chronic Energy Deficiency in pregnancy (37%) and anemia in pregnancy (40%). One preventive effort to reduce the problem of maternal mortality in Indonesia is through antenatal care. Antenatal care in the form of prenatal checks to optimize the mental and physical health of pregnant women. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of antenatal care as the effort of early detection of high-risk pregnancy. This Systematic Literature review employed database from PubMed and ScienceDirect during 2014-2018. There were 439 initial articles identified. This study analyzed 6 articles that met the inclusion criteria. In early pregnancy, complications were difficult to detect, so a good antenatal care could be seen from the presence of pregnant women in antenatal visits; the effectiveness of antenatal care and the coverage of antenatal care could effectively detect pregnancy complications earlier. Pregnancy is a normal life cycle that most women must go through, but the normal conditions can threaten the lives of mothers and their babies if complications arise during pregnancy or during childbirth. Therefore, detection of pregnancy complications is very necessary so some efforts can be done to eliminate or minimize complication.

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