FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA IN KOPAT, KARANGSARI, PENGASIH SUBDISTRICT, KULON PROGO, YOGYAKARTA

H. Yuningrum, S. Sahayati

Abstract


Hypercholesterolemia is a major risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD) because it can cause atherosclerosis. In Indonesia, the prevalence of hypercholesterolemia in the 25-34 year age group (9.3%) has increased (15.5%) in the 55-64 year age group. Risk factors for hypercholesterolemia can be divided into 2: uncontrollable factors such as age and heredity, as well as controllable factors such as obesity, cholesterol intake, high fat intake, low fiber intake, smoking, lack of physical activity and high blood sugar levels. The aim of this study the factors associated with hypercholesterolemia in Kopat Hamlet, Karangsari Village, Pengasih District, Kulon Progo Regency, Yogyakarta. Analytical research used in this study was cross sectional design. The study subjects were residents aged 40 years and above. The sampling technique uses purposive sampling method. The minimum number of samples is 60 people. Data were analyzed using univariate, bivariate (chi-square test) and multivariate (logistic regression). The results of bivariate analysis showed significant results namely BMI (RP = 1.73, 95% CI = 1.01-2.96, p-value = 0.040), fried food consumption (RP = 2.49, 95% CI = 1, 40-4.40, p-value = 0.001), fiber consumption (RP = 2.32, 95% CI = 1.31-4.12, p-value = 0.002), physical activity (RP = 3.14, 95% CI = 1.50-6.58, p-value = 0,000) and hypertension (RP = 1.90, 95% CI = 1.07-3.38, p-value = 0.020). Smoking (IDR = 1.05, 95% CI = 0.61-1.82, p-value = 0.85) and blood sugar levels (RP = 1.38, 95% CI = 0.81-2.35, p- value = 0.28) did not reach statistical significance. The results of multivariate analysis showed that the most influential risk factors for hypercholesterolemia were physical activity (RP = 7.01, 95% CI = 1.66-29.63, p- value = 0.008). Factors associated with hypercholesterolemia are BMI, fried consumption, fiber consumption, physical activity and hypertension.

Keywords: hypercholesterolemia, coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis


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