THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN AGES, AGE OF MARRIAGE, NUMBER OF CHILDREN AND THE RESULTS OF VISUAL INSPECTION OF ACETIC ACID (VIA) ON STUDENTS’ PARENTS OF MUHAMMADIYAH 1 MACANAN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL IN BIMOMARTANI, NGEMPLAK, SLEMAN, YOGYAKARTA

Sitti Khadijah, Vitrianingsih

Abstract


The prevalence of cervix cancer in Indonesia reaches 0,8% and the Special Region of Yogyakarta has the highest rate which is 1,5%. This phenomenon is mainly caused by sociodemographic factors (age, social status, and economy), sexual activity factors (age and partner of sexual intercourse), parity, genital cleanliness, cigarettes, sexual disease history, cervix chronic trauma, and long-term oral contraception usage.The research was in the form of analytical observational research with cross sectional design. The subjects of the research were all mothers of the fifth graders in Muhammadiyah 1 Macanan Elementary School in Bimomartani, Ngemplak, Sleman, Yogyakarta. The data were obtained using accidental sampling technique with 47 respondents. The research instruments used were observation sheet and master table and the data were analyzed using univariat and bivariat with Chi Square test.The results of the research were that the respondent characteristics based on the age of >35 was 57,4%. Meanwhile, the age of marriage of 20-35 years of age reached 80,9% and the number of two children majority was 57,4%. Subsequently, the result of VIA test was positive with percentage of 12,8%. The relationship between ages and the result of VIA test resulted p value 0,693 as well as p value 0,869 for age of marriage and the result of VIA test. Finally, the relationship between the number of children and the result of VIA test was p value 0,311.There is no relationship between ages, age of marriage and number of children with the result of VIA test.

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