CULTURAL IMPACT ON THE QUALITY OF LIFE OF THE ELDERLY IN YOGYAKARTA

Endah Tri Wahyuni, Tri Suratmi, Tri Budi W.Rahardjo

Abstract


United Nation estimates that in 2050 the number of the world's elderly will reach 1.6 billion, Indonesia is ranked 4th in the country with the largest elderly population after China, India and America. The structure of the aging population in Indonesia is an indication of the higher average life expectancy. The life expectancy of Indonesians in 2015 is 70.8 years, projected to increase to 72.2 years in 2030-2035. The increase in the number of elderly people as a result of increasing life expectancy needs to be balanced with efforts to keep the elderly in good quality of life, so they can contribute to development. Yogyakarta is a province with the highest number of elderly presentations among 34 provinces in Indonesia, namely 13.4%. Yogyakarta is known as one of the cultural cities in Indonesia. The attitude of life in the Javanese tradition, which is still practiced by the older generation, needs to be pursued in the midst of the onslaught of foreign culture due to the advancement of information technology that has the potential to change the values of life. This research was conducted in Yogyakarta in 2016, to study the impact of the values of the Javanese tradition practiced by the elderly in their daily lives towards the quality of life. The study was conducted with quantitative and qualitative approaches, with a cross sectional design. The research sample amounted to 110 elderly taken from a population of 15,891 using random sampling techniques. The quality of life of the elderly was measured using the WHOQOL BREF instrument, cultural variables were measured using a questionnaire and carried out a qualitative study with indepth interviews and focus group discussions. Univariate, bivariate, and content analysis data analysis was done. The results showed that 82.7% of the elderly were the high quality of life. The values of the Javanese tradition practiced by the elderly have a very significant impact on quality of life, with an odd ratio of 97.7. As the conclusion: Javanese philosophy that is lived and practiced in daily life contributes to determining the quality of life for the elderly in Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Keywords: Javanese philosophy, quality of life of the elderly


Full Text:

PDF

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 45
PDF - 14

References


Arikunto, 2002. Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktek, Jakarta : Rineka Cipta

Ariyanti Rismaida Pariang, 2009. Dance Movement Therapy dalam Kehidupan Sosial Lansia di

Affandi Imam, 2008. Kecemasan dalam Menghadapi Kematian pada Lansia yang Menderita Penyakit Kronis Panti Werdha.

http://lib.atmajaya.ac.id/default.aspx?tabID=61 & SR6=K&id=15935

Ariffin, Evi Nurvidya and Eef Hogevorst. “Elderly’s Selft – Rated Health status and Functional Capacity at the district level in Indonesia Population Aging, 2016

BKKBN, 2014. Menuju Lansia Paripurna

BKKBN, 2015. Lansia Tangguh dengan Tujuh Dimensi, Pegangan Kader, Jakarta: BKKBN

BPS, 2009. Pedoman Pencacah Rakerna, BPS : Jakarta

BPS, 2013. Proyeksi Penduduk Indonesia Population Projection 2010 – 2035. Jakarta : Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional : Badan Pusat Statistik

Bappenas, 2013. Proyeksi Penduduk Indonesia, 2014, Analisis RISKESDAS, 2013. Litbangkes : Jakarta

BAPPENAS, Badan Pusat Statistik UNFPA, 2005, Proyeksi Penduduk Indonesia 2000-2025 Data Publikasi. BPS

BAPPENAS, 2013. Proyeksi Penduduk Indonesia, 2014, Analisis RISKESDAS, 2013. Litbangkes : Jakarta

Darmojo RB, Martono HH, 1999. Buku Ajar Geriatri, Jakrta : Balai Penerbit dan Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia

Deshmukh PR, 2015. Role Of Social, Cultural and Economic Capitals in Perceived Quality of Life among Old Age People in Kerala India, Indian J Paliat Cara: PMC Artikel di akses di Pubmed

Desmita R, 2008. Psikologi Perkembangan, Bandung. PT. Remaja Rosdakarya

Dauvan E & Adelson J, 1996. The Adolescent Experience New York : Wiley

Donatelle & Davis. 1999. Health The B Asics. Allyn & Bacon : USA

Ekawati, 2011. Hubungan Fungsi Keluarga dengan Quality of life, Program Pasca Sarjana UNS: Perpustakaan UNS

Fatimah, 2010. Merawat Manusia Usia Lanjut. Usia : Suatu Proses Pendekatan Pros Keperawatan Gerontik, Jakarta : Tim Maryam

F.X. Rahyono, 2015. Kearifan Budaya daam Kata. Jakarta: Wedatama Widya Sastra

Gesta Bayuadhy, 2015. Adiluhung Para Leluhur Jawa. Yogyakarta: DIPTA

Hurlock, E. B. (2002). Psikologi Perkembangan : Suatu Pendekatan Sepanjang Rentang Kehidupan. Edisi Kelima (Terjemahan), Jakarta : Erlangga.

Kaplan, RM & Sauzzo DP, 2005. Psykology Testing Principles Application and Issue, 7 th Ed. USA : Thomson Wadsworth

Komisi Nasional Lanjut Usia, 2010. Profil Penuduk Lanjut Usia 2009 : Jakarta

Komisi Nasional Lanjut Usia, 2010. Pedoman Pelaksanaan Posyandu Lansia, Jakarta

Komisi Nasional Lanjut Usia, 2014. Himpunan Perundang-Undangan yang Berkaitan dengan Lanjut Usia: Jakarta

Koentjaraningrat, 1990. Beberapa Pokok Antropologi Sosial, Jakarta : Diah

Lopez, SJ. Snyder, CR & Pedrotti, JT, 2008. Hope : Many Definiton many measure Whasington DC, DC. US : American Psycological Association

Larasati, 2012. Quality of life Lansia

Nandini, 2013. Hubungan Aktivitas Sosial, Interaksi Sosial dan Fungsi Keluarga dengan Quality of life Lanjut Usia di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas 1 Denpasar Kota Denpasar:Program Pasca Sarjana Universitas Udayana Denpasar

Notoatmodjo, 2010. Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan. Jakarta : Rineka Cipta

Nugroho, Wahjudi, 2008. Keperawatan Gerontik, Jakarta : EGC

Nofitri, 2009. Quality of life Lansia?Dewasa. http://www.lontar.ui.ac.id

Prasetyo, 2014. Pengaruh Doa terhadap Quality of life Lansia di Komunitas Lansia Dukuh Joho Condong Catur Depok Sleman Yogyakarta, FK UGM: Yogyakarta

Power, 2003. Eurohis : Developing a common Instrumen For Health Survey Dalam Anatomy Nasikor & Claira Gudex : Development A Common Instrumen for Quality of Life 105 Press: Amsterdam. http;//www.euro.who.int/document/WA 9502003EU.pdf#page=149

Putra dan Utami, 2014. Perbandingan Quality of life di Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha dengan Lansia di Keluarga

Rantepadang A, 2012. Interaksi Sosial dan Quality of life Lansia di Kelurahan Lansot Kecamatan Tomoho Selatan. JKU

Sugiyono, 2007. Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, R & D, Bandung : Alfabeta

Santrok JW, 2002. Life Spam Development, Perkembangan Masa Hidupn Lansia

Sekarwin Edesia, 2008. Hbungan Quality of life dengan Sense of Community pada WargaDKI Jakarta yang tinggal di daerah yang Rawan Banjir. http;//www.lontar.ui.ac.id

Siregar. Sofian, 2014. Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Dilengkapi dengan Perbandingan Perhitungan Manual dan SPSS. Jakarta : Kencana

Siregar, Siti Fatimah, 2014. Perbandingan Quality of life Lanjut Usia yang Tinggal di Panti Jompo dengan yang tinggal di Rumah di Kabupaten Tapanuli Selatan Tahun 2013, Medan : Universitas Sumatra Utara

Suwardi, 2015. Etnologi Jawa, Yogyakarta: Center for Academic Publishing Service

Tamher S, 2010. Kesehatan Usia Lanjut dengan Pendekatan Asuhan Keperawatan, Jakrta : Salemba

Tarwoto & Wartonah, 2006. Kebutuhan Dasar Manusia Proses Keperawatan Edisi keempat, Jakarta : Salemnba Medika

Taylor, 2009. Health Psychology Seventh Edition. Mc Graw Hill Companies, Inc : New York

Tamil, 2012. The Effect Of Community Managed Palliative Care Program on Quality of Life in The Elderly in Rural Tamil Nadu India, Indian Joernal of Paliative Care Amol R Dongre

Undang-Undang Repiblik Indonesia Nomor 13 Tahun 1998 tentang Kesejahteraan Lanjut Usia

Undang-Undang Nomor 52 Tahun 2009 tentang Perekambangan Kependudukan dan Pengembangan Keluarga

UNFPA. Ageing Monograph:Evidence from the 2010 Cencus. Indonesia: Copyrigh@UNFPA 2013

WHO, 2002. Active Ageing A Policy Frame Work. Spain: Madrid

WHO, 2010 : WHO Quality of Life – BREF (WHOQOL – BREF).

http://www.who.int/substance abuse/research tools/whoqolbref/en/l

Yuli, 2014. Buku Ajar Asuhan Keperawatan Gerontik. (T. Ari. Ed). Jakarta : CV Trans Info Media

Yuliati, 2012. Perbedaan Kualitas Lansia yang tinggal dikomunitas dengan Lansia yang tinggal di Pelayanan: Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Jember


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Proceeding International Conference