ACTIVITY DAILY LIVING RELATED WITH DEMENTIA AT ELDERLY IN SUKABUMI SUB URBAN AREA, WEST JAVA, INDONESIA YEAR 2019

Cicilia Windiyaningsih, Nur Apriyan

Abstract


Dementia is the 4th leading cause of death after heart disease, cancer and stroke for elderly people. There was an estimated 30 million people in the world who experience dementia with various causes such as illness, trauma, drugs, and depression. This study purpose was to prove geriatric depression scale that influenced dementia at elderly people in Sukabumi City. at 2019. This study used applied research; cohort designs amount 119 elder people in Integrated Health Services for Elder People in Sukabumi City. We were used questionnaire by standard Ministry of Health/World Health Organization, descriptive analysis, and multiple regressions logistic. Result was 83.2% Elderly, older people 16.8%, and dementia 9.2%. Less elderly medical history 61.3%, behavior elder person inadequate 15.1%, mental social activity 47.9%, less geriatric depression scale 45.4%, less activities daily living 42.9%, less instrument activities daily 41.2%. The risk factors that were significantly associated with dementia were activities daily living and geriatric depression scale, while other factors with a value <0.250 such as age, gender, insurance, and p value ≥ 0.250 as follows elderly medical history, behavior elder person, social mental activities, instrument activity daily. The risk factor of dementia in this research was proved such as activity daily living and geriatric depression scale. Conclusion dementia has influenced by activity daily living and geriatric depression scale.

Keywords: dementia, activity daily living, geriatric depression scale, elderly.


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